He hōʻailona nui ka sila Hawaiʻi no ko kākou aupuni aloha. ʻOiai ʻo Haʻalilio ma ka huakaʻi ʻimi kūʻokoʻa, hele akula ʻo ia i ke College of Arms ma Ladana, a noi akula i kēia sila. Wahi a kekahi moʻolelo, na Haʻalilio ia i haku, kuhi naʻe mākou ua kamaʻilio mua ʻia paha me kona haku, me Kauikeaouli, ke aliʻi nāna i hoʻouna iā ia a me nā ʻelele ʻē aʻe, ʻo William Richards lāua ʻo George Simpson i ua huakaʻi koʻikoʻi lā i ʻAmelika a me ʻEulopa. Ua kō ka pahuhopu o lākou i ka lā 28 o Nowemapa, 1843, ka Lā Kūʻokoʻa o Ke Aupuni Hawaiʻi. He manaʻo ko kēlā me kēia māhele o ka sila. ʻO Kamanawa ke aliʻi ma ka hema e paʻa ana ka ihe ma kona lima. Aia kona māhoe ma ka ʻākau, ʻo Kameʻeiamoku hoʻi, ka mea iā ia ke kāhili. He mau mākua lāua no Kamehameha i aʻoaʻo akula iā ia ma kona naʻi aupuni ʻana. ʻO nā kaha ʻewalu o ka māhele o waena, he hōʻailona no nā mokupuni ʻewalu e noho ʻia nei e kānaka. ʻO ka pūloʻuloʻu, ka puela, a me ke ālia, he mau hōʻailona aliʻi kēia mau mea a pau. Aia i lalo ka ʻōlelo kaulana a Kauikeaouli i ka wā o kona kali ʻana e hōʻoia ʻia mai ke kūʻokoʻa o ke aupuni Hawaiʻi, ʻo ia hoʻi "Ua mau ke ea o ka ʻāina i ka pono." Ua hōʻoia ʻia maila nō ke kūʻokoʻa a ua sila ʻia ihola ke aloha ʻāina o kākou.
The coat of arms, a.k.a. the royal crest, is one of our treasured national symbols. Its story is tied to Hawaiian Kingdom independence, which was achieved by Timoteo Haʻalilio, William Richards and George Simpson in London on November 28, 1843, now known as Lā Kūʻokoʻa (Independence Day). The group had been sent by King Kauikeaouli, Kamehameha III, to America and Europe to seek this recognition, a journey that took more than two years. While in London in 1842, Haʻalilio went to The College of Arms and commissioned this coat of arms. It bears the images of Kamanawa and Kameʻeiamoku (twin chiefs who were uncles and advisors of Kamehameha I) in feather capes, holding a spear and a feather standard, respectively. The eight stripes represent the eight inhabited islands. The pūloʻuloʻu (opposite the stripes), puela (an old type of flag) and ālia (two crossed sticks made of kauila or māmane wood) are all chiefly symbols. At the bottom of the original (not this version) is the famous saying: Ua mau ke ea o ka ʻāina i ka pono - The sovereignty of the land endures through righteousness. Ua sila ʻia ke aloha ʻāina - Love of country is permanently fixed in us.
There are several species of these Hawaiian weevils and members of the genus are found on all islands. They are host specific, meaning that they feed and live on or near a certain kind of plant (ex: kōpiko, ʻaʻaliʻi, koa, naupaka kuahiwi, alani, ʻōhiʻa, etc.). They hide out in the dirt, leaf litter, or tree crotches during the day to avoid being eaten by birds, then come out to feed at night. The way the native members of this genus chew into the leaves of plants makes a distinctive pattern that sets them apart from their nonnative counterpart. Kokolo mai a peʻe kōpiko - Crawl this way and hide in the kōpiko plant.
Ua hānau ʻia mai ʻo Ruta Keanolani Kamuʻolaulani Keʻelikōlani Kanāhoahoa i ka lā 9 o Pepeluali, 1826. He mamo ʻo ia na Kamehameha I a he keiki poʻolua na Kahalaiʻa a me Mataio Kekūanāoʻa, nā kāne a kona makuahine, ʻo Kalanipauahi. Ma kona ʻano ʻonipaʻa, ua lilo ʻo ia he pouhana no nā mea Hawaiʻi. ʻOiai ua maopopo ka ʻōlelo haole iā ia, kūpaʻa ihola ʻo ia ma ka ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi a koikoi ʻia ka mea unuhi no ka poʻe ʻike ʻole i ka ʻōlelo. ʻOiai ua ʻike ʻo ia i ka hoʻomana kalikiano, ʻaʻole ʻo ia i huli i kēlā ʻaoʻao. Nui kona mahalo a hoʻonanea ʻana i ka hula a me ke oli. I ka wā i hū aʻe ai ka pele mai loko aʻe o Mauna Loa i ka makahiki 1881, kāhohahoa akula kā Keʻelikōlani pule i mua o Pele a pau ihola ke kahe ʻana o ka pele. He kiaʻāina ʻo Keʻelikōlani no Hawaiʻi Moku a ua nui kona akamai ma ka ʻoihana. Ua mālama a hoʻoulu ʻo ia i ka waiwai nui i ili iā ia, ʻo kona hoʻoilina hoʻi ia iā Bernice Pauahi Bishop, ka mea nāna ʻo Bishop Estates i hoʻokumu. I ka makahiki 1887 ua hoʻokahua ʻia Ke Kula ʻo Kamehameha, e like me kā Pauahi kauoha. Na Keʻelikōlani nō naʻe i mālama, hoʻoulu, a hoʻoili mai nō hoʻi i kēia waiwai iā Pauahi (ma kahi o 353,000 ʻeka ka nui o ka ʻāina i loaʻa mai). Mahalo nui mākou i ko Keʻelikōlani akamai a me kona aloha i nā mea Hawaiʻi. Eia mākou ke hoʻohanohano aku nei i kona inoa me ke koikoi pū aku nō hoʻi i nā kahu waiwai o Bishop Estates e mālama mau i ka pono!
Ruth Keanolani Kamuʻolaulani Keʻelikōlani Kanāhoahoa was born on February 9, 1826. She is a descendant of Kamehameha I and a poʻolua child, meaning she had two fathers, Kahalaiʻa and Mataio Kekūanāoʻa, the first and second husbands of her mother Kalanipauahi. In her staunch and steadfast nature she became a stalwart of things Hawaiian. Although she knew English, she spoke only Hawaiian, requiring those who didn't to seek a translator. Although educated in Christianity, she did not convert. She had great appreciation for hula and oli, which she enjoyed regularly. In 1881, when Mauna Loa erupted, she interceded with a prayer to Pele and the flow stopped. She was the governor of Hawaiʻi Island for a time and had great business acumen. She kept and grew the vast wealth she had inherited, which became her legacy to Bernice Pauahi Bishop who established Bishop Estates. In 1887, Kamehameha Schools was founded, as per the decree in Pauahi's will. However, it was Keʻelikōlani who guarded, grew and gifted this legacy to Pauahi (approx. 353,000 acres of land and other assets). We deeply admire Keʻelikōlani's intelligence and love of things Hawaiian. We honor her name and urge the trustees of Bishop Estate to always act with integrity!
As we enter the season of Kū, we may feel the urge to kūʻē (resist) things that do not seem right to us. Modern Hawaiian resistance to the belligerent occupation of our ʻāina (land) by the United States government takes many forms. For Kealopiko, this includes reclaiming certain ʻōlelo, or uses of language, and in doing so re-framing the importance of particular historical figures. "Mai kuhihewa" is a warning to not entertain illusions or mistake someone for someone else. This design challenges us to re-think who The Big Five really are: the first Hawaiian monarchs, not five business entities who managed to gain near total economic control of the islands in the early 1900ʻs. It also reminds us of the phenomenal accomplishments of our kūpuna and the legacy they have left for us to mālama (care for). Artwork by Sarah Pyle - http://sarahpyle.com/
This beautiful vine-like member of the Fabaceae family is the first endemic Hawaiian plant to be listed as endangered. Once spread across Hawaiʻi (Hualālai, Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea), this species is now extremely rare and restricted to a single wild population with 20-30 individuals. It flowers frequently in the summer but fruit has only been collected on 2 or 3 occasions. Seed viability and germination in the wild and greenhouse is low. This story is emblematic of the plight of native Hawaiian plants in general -massive habitat loss and invasion by exotic species eventually brings so many species to the brink of extinction (~75% of the species on the U.S. endangered species list are Hawaiian). Like many of its once extant populations, the Hawaiian name of this species has been lost in the folds of time. Ka pua lahaʻole la e hoʻohihi ai kuʻu manaʻo - The rare flower that ensnares my thoughts.